Causes of Acne

Acne is characterized by the appearance of vulgar pimples, nodules and cysts on the skin from the face and neck down toward the arms, body and legs. Yes, you will want to know of the causes of acne just so you can avoid the triggers of such an unwelcome skin condition.

Unfortunately, medical science has yet to fully understand the triggers of acne despite the researches conducted on the matter. For example, we know that stress can worsen acne in susceptible individuals but research has proven that stress itself will not cause acne. Fortunately, dermatologists continue to discover better ways to treat acne and its resultant scars.

The following discussion touches on the possible causes of blackheads, whiteheads and pimples, all of which are types of acne. You will observe that there are many things that an acne-prone individual can do in order to avoid acne breakouts, all from knowing about the possible causes of acne.

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Excess in Sebum Production

The first and foremost cause in acne breakouts is the overproduction of sebum, which is the skin’s natural moisturizer. In fact, many doctors believe that acne is caused more by the person’s reaction to the increase in sebum production than to changes in the hormonal levels. Also, each person’s reaction to excess sebum will differ such that one may sport only a few small pimples while another will suffer from acute cystic acne.

So, how exactly does an overproduction of sebum cause acne? Each pore of our skin contains a hair follicle connected to the sebaceous glands that, in turn, produce sebum. Such natural oil usually travels up along the shafts of hair and into the skin’s surface to keep it moisturized.

As one of the causes of acne, excess sebum along with dead skin cells clog up the skin pores. The result is a soft plug that can develop either into blackheads, whiteheads and pimples. When left untreated, you can have a full-on acne breakout on your hands, face and neck.

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So, what causes the excess sebum production? Well, it’s not exactly known although factors like hormones and bacteria, which are discussed later, contribute to it. You can now stop blaming yourself for bringing on the acne breakout from your penchant for greasy foods, chocolate and chips although it will certainly help your skin if you can avoid these types of foods.

Hormonal Changes

Acne is most common in teenagers although adults can also have it, too. Thus, doctors also look at changes in hormones as one of the causes of acne. It can be the use of steroids and other bodybuilding substances. It can be the onset of pregnancy, monthly menstruation and menopause. It can even be the use of oral birth control pills although these are also used in acne treatment.

Bacterial Buildup

Your skin may also be harboring more than its fair share of acne-causing bacteria that, when coupled with excess sebum, leads to acne breakouts. These bacteria include Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis, both of which are present in healthy hair follicles.

Now that you know the causes of acne, you can better avoid breakouts. Keep your skin clean so that oil buildup can be prevented, eat healthy foods and work with your doctor to prevent acne.